Non-state and subnational actions that contribute to climate change mitigation are becoming increasingly important and need to be explicitly considered by countries when they determine their national contributions.

The Non-State and Subnational Action Guide facilitates the integration of the impacts of actions by entities such as states, regions, cities, and businesses into national GHG projections and mitigation assessments. While monitoring historic emission developments automatically reflects all emission reductions efforts undertaken within nation-states, including those driven by non-state actors, developing accurate projections requires that non-state actions be explicitly taken into account.

The Non-State and Subnational Action Guide provides tools for the integration of non-state actors’ activities including how to account for the variety of non-state and subnational actions undertaken by regions, cities, companies and/or sectors; assess the extent to which those actions are a means towards achieving or surpassing national climate targets; and reflect the impact of those actions in national GHG projections, policy development, and target setting.

The Non-State and Subnational Action Guide is applicable across sectors.

Executive summary

Full Assessment Guide

Chapters

1 & 2

Why integrate the impact of non-state and subnational actions into national projections, target and planning?

Non-state and subnational actors are playing an increasingly important role in enhancing climate action and ambition. They can have a direct impact on national emissions trajectories, national policy implementation and the achievement of national targets. Yet, the extent to which these actions help achieve national targets, such as those in the NDCs, or go beyond them is often unknown and difficult to determine, which means they may be overlooked in projections, policy-making and target-setting at the national level. This guide strives to improve the understanding of the extent to which non-state and subnational actors are having an impact on climate mitigation efforts, thus enhancing decision-making at the national level. The methodology in the guide can address a variety of tailored objectives providing an approach that can vary depending on the aim of the user and availability of data and resources.

Chapter

3

What are the various steps and underlying principles?

This section presents some key concepts and provides an overview of the specific steps involved in the assessment. It also discusses assessment principles and common challenges in quantifying and aggregating impacts of non-state and subnational actions to better prepare users for undertaking the assessment.

Chapter

4

How to define the assessment boundary

The section helps users define the assessment boundary in terms of sectors, actor groups, action types, GHGs, and indirect emissions included in the analysis.

Chapters

5, 6 & 7

How to select relevant actions and policies and conduct landscape analysis

This section explains how users can develop a list of non-state and subnational actions that are relevant for the assessment. It also provides criteria based on suitability of actions and likelihood of achieving targets to determine which actions should eventually be included in the assessment. The section also discusses how to characterize and understand the landscape of non-state and subnational actions in a country. Finally, it explains how to develop a list of relevant national mitigation policies depending on the assessment objectives.

Chapters

8 & 9

How to assess impact and aggregate non-state and subnational actions

This section explains how to convert the diverse range of data on targets into common metrics and potential emissions reductions, quantify overlaps and determine the impact of non-state and subnational actions, and aggregate that impact while avoiding double counting. It has a broad scope and specific calculations and assumptions will depend on users’ assessment objectives.

Chapters

10 & 11

How to use the results for decision-making and planning

The section describes how to transparently report the assessment methodology and results. It also includes a list of recommended information to be included in an assessment report. The section also provides suggestions on how to apply the insights from the assessment to enhance national or sectoral policy planning and implementation.

Appendix

A

Overview of databases and studies

This section lists global databases on non-state and subnational action. It also provides an overview of existing methodologies on quantifying non-state and subnational action.

Appendix

B

Additional guidance on stakeholder participation during the assessment process

Stakeholder participation can enhance the assessment process and the contribution of non-state and subnational actions. This section notes the steps in the assessment process where stakeholder participation is recommended, why it is important, and where to find additional guidance on it.

Appendix

C

Developing climate action datasets

Informed by the experience of creating two country-specific datasets, this section discusses benefits and challenges of developing climate action datasets of non-state and subnational actions. It also proposes solutions for future development of datasets and outlines the process to develop such datasets.

Appendix

D

Sources of information for different sectors

This section lists data sources for various sectors and subsectors that users can consult if appropriate national level data is not available to estimate the potential emissions reductions from actions and policies.

Glossary

Glossary, abbreviations and acronyms, references, and contributors

Glossary, abbreviations and acronyms, references, and contributors